In the aftermath of the 2010-2011 Canterbury and 2016 Kaikōura earthquakes, invasive seismic testing has become more commonly used in geotechnical earthquake engineering. However, several critical aspects of both data collection and data processing are not well understood by either the contractors collecting and processing the data or the geotechnical engineers using the data.
New Zealand has over 3,000 earth embankment dams and canals, many of which were constructed prior to the evolution of modern granular filter criteria for dam design in the mid-1980s. Tekapo Canal is one such structure, constructed from 1971 to 1977 as a 26 km long conveyance canal, linking two hydropower stations in the inland Canterbury region. Tekapo canal is constructed of widely-graded soils of glacial origin. Challenges with material compaction and constructability were reported during construction.
The Christchurch Earthquake Sequence of 2010-2011 caused extreme and widespread damage to the 3 waters pipe network of Christchurch. Most of this damage was caused by liquefaction and lateral spreading. Researchers and practitioners have learnt many lessons in assessing liquefaction damage from these experiences. This report develops tools to assess the potential for pipeline damage based on correlations with liquefaction-induced ground movement and CPT-based liquefaction metrics. The correlations can be used for pre-event estimates as well as post-event rapid triage of pipe damage. Key inputs to the assessment are pre and post-event LiDAR surveys; satellite imagery; CPT-based assessments of liquefaction vulnerability and Peak Ground Velocity (PGV).